Frequently Asked Questions

What is Wildlife Rehabilitation?

Wildlife rehabilitation is the process of providing temporary care to wildlife that is injured, sick or immature, in most cases, in order to facilitate their successful return to the wild. The majority of authorized wildlife custodians are volunteers. In Ontario, wildlife custodians treat and release thousands of animals back to the wild each year.


Wildlife rehabilitation is a long-practiced activity, and until 1999 was unregulated in Ontario. In the late 1990s, the Ontario government recognized the benefits afforded to the public and to custodians by establishing standards of care for the rehabilitation of native wildlife.


Under the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997 (“the Act”), the keeping of game wildlife or specially protected wildlife in captivity is generally prohibited; however, section 44 of the Act recognizes wildlife rehabilitation as an authorized activity.